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 2nd Brigade Cedar Falls

                         DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
                   HEADQUARTERS 2ND BRIGADE 25TH INFANTRY DIVISION
                  APO  US  FORCES  96225



AVDCSB-T     U.S Army,  25th Division,  2nd Brigade

SUBJECT:     Combat After Action Report                                                    16 February 1967

     Commanding General
     25th Infantry Division
     ATTN”  AVDCOP
     APO  US  FORCES  96225

1.        Operation CEDAR FALLS  (OPORD  1 - 67)

2.        080001 January - 262400  January  1967

3.         BINH DU'ONG Province in designated area as shown by Annex A (Op Overlay)
Reference:  Map Vietnam 1:50,000,  Series L7014,  Sheets  6331 III,  6231  II,  6330 IV.

4.        Control Headquarters:  2nd Bde,  25th Inf Div.

5.        Reporting Officer:  Colonel Marvin D. Fuller

6.        w                        908888888888888888888Task Organization and Commanders:

1/27  Inf  (MAJ Harvey H. Perritt,  Cmdg)

1/27 Inf
Plat 2/34  ARM (eff 071800 - 081200  Jan 67)
Sqd (+). Co B,  65th Eng Bn (eff 271800  Jan 67)
AVLB,  65th Eng Bn  (eff 071800  Jan 67)
SEC  B/5/2  AWSP  Arty (-)  (2-M-42)  (eff  071800 Jan 67)
Two National Police
Helicopter
ELM,  26th RF Co (RAG Boats)

2/27  Inf  (LTC Henry R. Shelton, Cmdg)

2/27  Inf (-)
Co A,  2/34 Arm  (eff 071800  Jan 67)
Plat (-),  Co B,  65th Engr Bn  (eff 071800  Jan 67)
AVLB,  65th Eng Bn  (eff  071800 Jan 67)
Two Dozer Tanks,  65th Engr Bn,  (eff 071800  Jan 67)
SEC B/5/2  AWSP  (2-M-42)  (eff  071800 Jan67)
Tm,  25th MID  (eff 071800 Jan 67)
Two Scout Dogs Teams
SIX  National Police
Helicopter
ELM,  28th RF  Co  (RAG Boats)

2/34 Arm (LTC Raymond L. Stailey,  Cmdg)

2/34  Arm (-)
Co B,  2/27 Inf  (eff 071800  Jan 67)
Two Interpreters
Two national Police
Helicopter

4/23 (M),  (Col. Welworth Williams,  Cmdg.)

4/23 (M)
Helicopter                                (p1)

1/8 Arty  (LTC James W. Cannon / LTC  John R. Thurmom III, Cmdg.)

1/8 Arty
Btry  C,  7/11  Arty

2/7  ARVN  Reg't  (Maj Ton Van Luong,  Cmdg)

2/7  ARVN  Reg/t

7.     SUPPORTING FORCES::
A.  Air Support:

(1)  General:  Both tactical fighter and heavy bombers were used to support the operation.  A
Total of 79 missions were flown in support of the task force in the area of operation.  All of the airstrikes were accurate and very effective.  193 pre-planned sorties and 20 immediate sorties were flown by the USAF.  The average reaction time for the “immediate strikes” was 15 minutes after the request was made, which is a satisfactory reaction time.  A total of 152.9 tons of bombs and 113.9 tons of napalm were expended in support of the task force.

(2)  All airstrides were controlled by FAC's assigned to the 25th Division.  All ordnance was
Delivered by Air Force aircraft.

(3)  Results:  4 KBA (BC),  4 KBA (POSS), 51 structures destroyed, 69 structures damaged,
51 bunkers destroyed,  2 bunkers damaged,  3 secondary explosions, 1 secondary fire,  2 bridges destroyed,  1 sampan destroyed,  1 tunnel destroyed.

B.  Army Aviation:

(1)  Supporting Aviation Units:

(a)  25th Avn Bn
      A  Co
      B  Co

(b)       11th  Avn Bn
116th  Avn Co  (Lt)
147th  Avn Co  (Med)
178th  Avn Co  (Med)

(c)       145th  Avn Bn
68th    Avn Co  (Lt)
                                    71st   Avn Co  (Lt)
                                    118th Avn  Co  (Lt)

                        (d)       3 /4 Cav  Sqdn
                                            D  Troop

                                (2)     Supporting aviation units provided the following type missions:  combat assault, resupply, fire suppression and destruction,  movement of supporting equipment, command and control and medical evacuation.  There were 896 sorties moving 873,100 lbs of supplies and equipment and 296 sorties moving troops.

                                (3)     The 2nd Brigade Aviation Section provided OH-23 helicopter support for command and control, reconnaissance, liaison, medical evacuation and artillery fire adjustment.  The section's aircraft flew 371 missions, 809 sorties, carried 602 passengers and accumulated 280 hours of flying time.
 (p2)
C.   Artillery support:

               (1)   General:  All artillery support with the exception of one forward fire support base, was fired from CU CHI Base.  The one forward battery was located in the forward base of the 1st Battalion 27th Infantry.  Throughout the operation, communication was good and the batteries continuously improved their positions and living conditions.

                                  (2)     Organization for Combat

                                           a.   1/8 Arty DS  2nd Bde
                                           b.   Btry C,  7/11  Arty attached to 1 /8 Arty for the period 23 - 26 Jan. 67

                                   (3)   Disposition of Batteries
                                          a.    Battery A,  1st Battalion, 8th Artillery remained in direct support of the 2nd battalion 34th Armor from base camp, CU CHI.  It remained there throughout the operation.

                                          b.    Battery B,  1st Battalion, 8th Artillery remained in direct support of the 2nd Battalion 27th Infantry from base camp, CU CHI.  It remained there throughout the operation.

                                          c.     Battery C,  1st Battalion, 8th Artillery displaced on 7 Jan 1967 to vicinity grid XT663157 in direct support of the 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry.  It remained in this location throughout the remainder of the operation.

                                         d.     Battery C,  7th Battalion, 11th Artillery became attached on 23 Jan 1967 at 0700 hrs.  Battery C displaced by road convoy to vicinity grid XT553053 in direct support of the 4th Battalion, 23rd Infantry on 23 Jan 1967.  It remained in this location throughout the remainder of the operation and was detached on 28 Jan 1967.

                                  (4).     Artillery in this operation was used primarily for:

                        a.    Suppression of sniper fire.
                        b.     Softening of areas in front of advancing infantry elements on search and destroy operations.

                         c.     Locating areas on the ground during the hours of darkness.  White phosphorus with time fuse at a 200 meter height was used extensively for this purpose.
                         d.     H & I fires
                         e.     Landing zone preparation and suppressive fires during the assault and extraction phases of air-mobile operations.

                   (5).    Total missions and rounds fired by type:

                                              a.         Missions, 41 Registrations:  347 Support;  1063 H&I for total by 9,901           
                                   rounds.

                                             b.     Ammunition expended:  9,072 HE,  749 WP,  80 Illumination.

                     c.      Results:

                 1.    11 Viet Cong killed by artillery   (Body Count)
                 2.     40 Viet Cong killed by artillery  (Possible)
                 3.     15 buildings destroyed
                 4.     15 building damaged
                                                     5.    18 houses damaged
                                                     6.     6 houses destroyed
                                                     7.      1 secondary explosion
                                                     8.    24 sampans destroyed,  1 sampan damaged
                                                     9.     1 boat destroyed
                                                   10.   2 bunkers destroyed
 (p3)
                               (6).     Fire Coordination:

                                         a.     Timely coordination enabled TAC air Army Aviation and Artillery to deliver timely and effective support throughout the operation.  -LO and artillery LO were in command and control aircraft on station during critical periods which allowed more effective coordination.

                                         b.   Closely coordinated flight corridors allowed uninterrupted air, artillery, and armed helicopter support during air-mobile operations and close ground contact.

                                        c.   Fire support coordination during this operation wa generally outstanding.

8.     INTELLIGENCE     

     A.   Enemy Situation Prior to the Operation:

            (1).     The areas on both sides of the Saigon River in the AO were known VC bases, notably the HO BO WOODS, the FILHOL PLANTATION and the IRON TRIANGE.  Although operations had been conducted in the HO BO and FILHOL, continual discovery of new bunkers and trenches, and repeated incidents of anti-aircraft fire were evidence of the fact that the VC were still using the area.  The IRON TRIANGLE was a known VC redoubt, and no major operations had been conducted in that area for more than a year.

           (2).     The Saigon River has a history of being used as a communication and transportation route, as well as a route of escape when one of the adjacent areas was exploited by US forces.  For that reason, the mission of the 2nd Bde included blocking of the Saigon River from VC use as an escape route.

           (3).     The village of PHU HOA DONG (XT7018) was a known commo-liaison point, and a town from which commercial products and taxes could be procured by the 2nd Bn, 165A Regt, a unit which was known to occupy the area to the east of the village.   VC units throughout the FILHOL and HO BO also had relatively easy access to  PHU HOA DONG.

     B.   Enemy Situation During the Operation:

           (1).     The Operation was initiated with an air assault of the suspected location of the 2nd Bn, 165A Regt on 8 Jan. 67.  Two companies of the 1/27th Inf assaulted the area vic XT7319 and were met with stiff resistance even after repeated airstrikes and artillery barrages.  Fire from 60mm mortars and automatic weapons was heavy when US troops attempted to advance, resulting in 5 US KIA and 24 US WIA.  No enemy losses were reported as a result of the contact as darkness fell before US forces could advance, but CHIEU HOIs reported later that the air assault was launched against the Bn HQ and 1st company of the 2nd Bn, 165A Regt, and that some 60 VC were killed and 55 were wounded in the battle.  Documents captured in the area confirmed the presence of the 2nd Bn, 165A Regt.  This was the only incident during the entire operation in which the VC elected to fight.

           (2).     As expected the VC attempted to use the Saigon River as an escape route.  Ambushes on and near the river during the 18 day operation accounted for 62 VC KIA (BC) of which 40 were killed during hours of darkness.

                      a.     Night ambushes on the Saigon River accounted for 21 VC KIA (BC).

1.   At 2330 hours 8 Jan, 2/34 Armor engaged VC in a sampan vic XT712211 resulting in 4 VC KIA (BC)

2.   At 2010 - 2100 hours, 12 Jan, 2/27 Inf engaged sampans on two different occasions, resulting in a total of 8 BV KIA (BC).

b.     Day ambushes on the Saigon River resulted in 21 VC KIA (BC).

1.     At 1645 hours 9 Jan, the 2/34 Armor engaged  15 VC on a raft vic XT688222.  The VC were floating generally north to south.  2/34 engaged with canister and shot, resulting in 15 VCKIA (BC).                         
                                             (p4)
                        c.     Night ambushes on land resulted 19 VC KIA (BC)

1.   At 2115 hours 8 Jan 67, the 2/27 Inf vic XT733197 ambushed an unknown number of VC resulting in 5 VC KIA (BC) and the capture of 2 carbines.

2.   At 2235 hours 18 Jan, the 2/27 Inf vic XT703201 engaged an unknown number of VC, resulting in 7 VC KIA(BC) and the capture of one Pistol.

C.   Terrain, Trafficability and Weather:

           (1)    Terrain in the AO was generally flat and inundated at least partially.  Areas at elevation of less than 5 meters close to the Saigon River and its tributaries were affected by the tides of the river which moved the water table approximately 2 meter with each tidal change.

           (2)      Land surfaces at elevations of 10 meters or higher afforded good trafficability to tracked vehicles.

          (3)     Weather omitted.

9.     MISSION:   2nd Bde established blocking positions along the Saigon River early on 8 Jan 67: to prevent VC/NVA exfiltration from the IRON TRIANGLE; control traffic on Saigon River; to prevent use by VC/NVA forces; destroy VC/NVA forces and installations in sector; conduct buddy operations to destroy VC infrastructure and expand GVNcontrol in PHU HOA DONG (XT7118).:  

10.     CONCEPT of OPERATION:  2nd Bde Task Force, with one Armor and two Infantry Battalions conducted a two phase operation to block VC/NVA exfiltration south across the Saigon River, and extend GVN control in the PHU HOA DONG area.  (See Annex A -Op Overlay).

     A.    Phase I:  (8, 9 Jan 67)  Battalions simultaneously executed a rapid move by ground means to establish blocking positions along the southern bank of the SAIGON River.  1/27 Inf on the right (east) flank had movement priority.

     B.    Phase II  (10 - 26 Jan 67)  Blocking forces conducted detailed search of sectors to destroy VC/NVA forces and installations.  Priority of effort was to the 2/27 Inf in the northern PHU HOA DONG area.
                              (p5)



II:     Execution:   Daily Narrative:

 8  Jan  1967

   1st Bn,  27th  Infantry

1/27 Inf commenced Operation CEDAR FALLS at 0400 hours, 1 B 1/27 Inf, with AVLB attached, departed CU CHI base camp escorted by Recon Plat 1/27 and conducted motor movement to emplace and secure bridge site (XT684145).  The bridge was secured by 1 B 1/27 at 0500 hrs.  At 0645 hours 1/27 Inf (-) with attachments departed CU CHI base camp and conducted motor movement to establish forward base camp RICHMOND vic (XT747145) arriving at 0800 hrs.  At 0730 hrs, A 1/27 conducted airmobile assault into LZ (XT734199) to establish company size forward base (XT33200).  LZ was “cold”.  Second lift landed at 0750 hours and A 1/27 received SA, AW and MG fire from (XT737198) (XT733200) (XT733197).  A 1/27 also received two mortar attacks during the initial engagement, sustained 1 KIA and 5 WIA.  The VC were engaged with SA, AW, artillery and airstrikes.  CO 1/27 gave C 1/27 mission of conducting air-mobile assault into LZ (XT731187) and establish blocking psn (XT730188).  A 1/27 would then move south to link up with C 1/27.  The first lift of C 1/27was airborne from fwd base RICHMOND at 1429 hrs and arrived at the LZ at 1432 hrs, and immediately came under fire from SA and AW fire from vic (XT730189).  The second lift of C 1/27 landed at 1445 hrs.  C 1/27 then came under intense enemy fire from (XT730189) and (XT31185).  At 1515 hrs C 1/27 came under mortar attack from a psn estimated to be to their southwest.  C 1/27 remained in heavy contact throughout the afternoon sustaining 5 KIA and 28 WIA.  Enemy casualties were unknown.  C 1/27 established night base (XT735188).  A 1/27 established fwd base (XT733200).

 2nd Bm.  27th Infantry

     2/27 departed CU CHI base camp at 0700 hrs by truck convoy commencing Operation CEDAR FALLS.  At 0700 hrs A 2/34 (attached) began movement from CU CHI to establish battalion base camp (XT707203).  2/27 (-) truck convoy consisted of A, C, and HHC.  Upon reaching (XT712184) C 2/27 departed convoy and established blocking psn (XT724200).  A 2/27 and HHC 2/27 proceeded to fwd base camp (XT707203).  After securing fwd base camp, 2 plats A 2/34 and 1 plat A 2/27 established two strong points on Saigon River - psn A (XT712210) and psn B (XT701211).  Two M-42 (dusters) were employed on fwd base camp perimeter for security.  At 1047 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 2 booby-trapped hand grenades (XT715196).  Between 1300 - 1330 hrs, C 2/27 apprehended 2 detainees (XT724200).  At 1355 hrs C 2/27 sustained 1WIA from a M79 rd (XT724196).  At 1555 hrs A 2/27 sustained 1 WIA from SA fire (XT709205).  At 1616 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 tunnel and 1 structure (XT709204).  At 1730 hrs A 2/27 apprehended 1 VCPW and 2 detainees, and captured 1 Chicom carbine (XT717201).  At 2115 hrs C 2/27 AP (XT733197) ambushed VC force resulting in 5 VC KIA (BC) and 1 US carbine, 1 Russian rifle and 2 sets of webb gear captured.  At 2145 hrs A 2/27 AP (XT706203) engaged VC sqd: results 2 VC KIA (POSS).  At 2255 hrs A 2/27 AP sustained 1 WIA from VC claymore mine (XT708205).   At 2130 hrs A 2/34 AP engaged VC force - results 2 VC KIA (POSS) & 1 US carbine captured vic (XT712211).  At 2330 hrs A 2/34 AP (XT712211) destroyed 1 sampan, 4 VC KIA (BC).

 2nd  Bn,  34th  Armor

     2/34 Arm commenced move over AXIS GOLD (see Annex A) at 0700 hrs, thereby commencing their participation in Operation CEDAR FALLS.  At 1001 hrs B 2/34 destroyed 1 tunnel (XT693209).  At 1130 hrs B 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT694215) susta9ining 1 WIA and moderate damage to tank.  At 1555 hrs B 2/34 tank was hit by a RPG-2 rd and sustained 1 KIA (XT687219).
(p6)

 4th Bn (Mech),  23rd Infantry

     Remained Bde reserve.  At 1500 hrs, 2 plat, C 4.23 secured bridge and culvert site (XT679145) and (XT716167) relieving elements of 1/27 for re-deployment.  Negative contact was made.

9 Jan 1967

  1st Bn,  27th Infantry
     Continued S&D opns fwd CP.  At 0850 hrs B 1/27 departed fwd base RICHMOND to link-up with C 1/27, conducting S&D opn in route.  At 1230 hrs, B 1/27 began move to establish blocking psn (XT730189).  At 1645 hrs B 1/27 linked up with C 1/27.  At 1700 hrs C 1/27 was airlifted to fwd base RICHMOND.  Results of day's opns:  At 1255 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT733190).  At 1335 hrs A 1/27 located 60 batteries, 10 khaki caps and destroyed 3 bunkers and 3 booby trapped hand grenades (XT734202).  At 1340 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 sampan (XT729182).  At 1400 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 2 sampans (XT724177).  At 1444 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 2 CBU's (XT733190).  At 1500 hrs B 1/27 located 1 outboard motor (XT728181).  At 1516 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 hut (XT730183).  At 1550 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1900 lbs rice (XT734201).  At 1640 hrs C 1/27 engaged 1 VC (XT729190) results:  1 VC KIA (BC), 1 Chicom carbine captured.

  2nd Bn,  27th Infantry

     2/27 continued preparation of blocking psns along Saigon River, and conducted S&D opns in sector.  Clearing opns vic fwd base camp and PSNS  A and B were conducted by 65th Engr. element attached to 2/27.  Saw teams, demolition teams, and tank dozer was utilized in the clearing effort.  At 0700 hrs A 2/27 located 1 VC claymore mine (XT707204).  At 1030 hrs Recon plat apprehended 1 detainee with 33,000 piastres.  At 1144 hrs A 2/27 located 1 Chicom claymore mine and misc aid supplies (XT723202).  At 1110 hrs A 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT704206) negative casualties, minor damage to tank.  At 1115 hrs A 2/34  tank hit AT m;ine (XT703207) negative casualties, minor damage to tank.  At 1145 hrs A 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT706205) negative casualties and minor damage to tank.  At 1545 hrs A 2/34 apprehended 1 detainee (XT712211).  Bn S-5 visited DUC LAP (XT5505) and BAO TRAI (XT5204) to discuss with respective hamlet chiefs future projects by the Bn.

2nd Bn,  34th  Armor

     Continued improvement of blocking psns and S&D opns in vic fwd base camp.  At 1150 hrs B 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT681222) negative casualties, no damage to tank.  At 1320 hrs B 2/34 engaged 3 VC who ran into a bunker (XT686224)  Results:  3 VC KIA (POSS),  1 bunker destroyed.  At 1520 hrs C 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT968210) negative casualties, moderate damage to tank.  At 1612 hrs B 2/34 sustained 1 WIA from AW fire (XT685215).  At 1645 hrs B 2/34 engaged raft with 15 VC aboard - results 15 VCKIA (BC) raft destroyed.  Sustained 1 WIA from engagement.  At 1700 hrs B 2/34 destroyed 1 AT mine (XT684217).

 4th Bn (Mech), 23rd Infantry

     Bde reserve.  At 1700 hrs PLAT B 4/23 took over security of bridge and culvert site.  One sqd secured bridge site.  Plat (-) secured culvert site.  At 1800 hrs plat B 4/23 was attached to 1/27 Inf for CP security.

 2/7  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Placed in DS of 2nd Bde effective 091800 Jan 67.

Civil Affairs

     Bde S-5 delivered 1 2½ ton truck load of scrap lumber to DUC HANH, FB (XT5707).  Returned 2 detainees to PHU HOA (XT7219).  Each detainee was given a “salatium box”.  Air dropped leaflets 20,000 JO #071, 5,000  JO #201,  20,000 JO #216,  2,000 JO #246-307, and 20,000 #263 - (XT6725,  6222 - 7515
 (p7)
10- Jan 1967

1st Bn,  27th Infantry

     Bn conducted S&D opns along Saigon River:  Co B (XT7319) Co C vic SHA VIEC and established blocking psn (XT730149).  A Co established combat psn (XT749204) and plat A 1/27 established linkup with plat 1/503 Inf at 0745 hrs B 1/27 located 1 VC body (KIA) at (XT725191).  At 0742 hrs, B 1/27 located 1 VC body (KIA) and destroyed 5 bunkers (XT734191).  At 0940 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 6 bunkers and 1 tunnel (XT743153).  At 1135 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 30 bunkers (XT744155).  At 1136 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 30 bunkers at (XT734184).  At 1205 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 8 bunkers (XT741151).  At 1219 hrs B 1/27 received fire from 319 FA Bn with 2 adjusting rds and 3 volleys 636 rds each, artillery fire vic (XT734189) resulting in 2 KIA, 16 WIA (1DOW).  At 1457 hrs tank dozer (attached) hit AT mine, negative casualties, minor damage to dozer (XT742164).

 2nd Bn,  27th Infantry

     Bn conducted S&D opns vic Canal (XT727212) and fwd base camp.  Established OP (XT728215).  Co A maintained blocking psn (XT712209).  At 1200 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 4 structures (XT711199).  At 1345 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 1 hut, 4 sampans, and located 1 - 45 cal SMG, 3 Chicom carbines, misc SA ammo, and 2 homemade pistols (XT729199).  At 1400 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 1 hut and 2 VC KIA (BC) (xt729199).  Bn delivered 60 bags USAID cement, 60 sheets aluminum roofing, and 1 box nails to BAO TRAI (XT5204).

2nd Bn,  34th Armor

     Conducted S&D opns in sector.  B 2/34 S&D vic (XT6822)  C 2/34 S&D vic (XT6723)  B 2/27 occupied blocking psn (XT694212).  At 0955 hrs C 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT691211) neg casualties /damage.  At 1600 hrs Recon 2/34 destroyed 12 tunnels (XT683219) and 1 AT mine (XT684219).  At 1720 hrs C 2/34 at (XT689239) 2 VC KIA (BC).  At 1725 hrs B 2/34 destroyed 1 hut, 1 VC KIA (BC).  At 1730 hrs C 2/34 from (XT671237 - 667231) destroyed 16 bunkers with 4 interconnecting tunnels.  At 1900 hrs B 2/34 apprehended 1 detainee (XT723188).

 4/23  (M)

     Bde reserve.  Plat B 4/23(M) detached from 1/27 effective 100700 Jan. 67.  4/23(M) relieved of bridge and culvert security missions effective 102010 Jan 67.

2/7  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Conducted S&D opns vic PHU HOA (XT7219).  Maintained security of bridge and culvert site relieving B 4/23 of mission.  Conducted multiple ambushes in PHU HOA area.

 11  Jan  1967

 1st Bn,  27th Infantry

     Bn continued S&D opns in sector.  A 1/27 established blocking psn (XT733199).  C 1/27 continued S&D opns vic (XT745165).  B 1/27 continued S&D opn in sectors and occupied blocking psns (XT740199) and OP (XT731205).  At 0700 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 10 bunkers and 1 sampan (XT732194). At 0836 hrs B 1/27 located 1 BAR magazine with 12 rds SA ammo (XT734193).  At 1044 hrs A 1/27 apprehended 1 female wounded detainee (XT737200).  At 1100 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 9 bunkers, 1100 lbs rice, and 20 huts (XT734200).  At 1243 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 sampan (XT739201).  At 1310 hrs B 1/27 located 1 set of webb gear (XT734197) destroyed 48 bunkers (XT732199 - XT728194), destroyed 2 bunkers (XT726195) and destroyed 1 bunker (XT728196).  At 1700 hrs C 1/27 sustained 1 WIA from booby trapped hand grenade (XT747152).  At 1730 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 5 booby trapped hand grenades (XT747150).
 (p8)

2nd Bn,  27th Infantry

     Bn continued S&D opns in sector (XT718213) to (XT722213) and fwd base camp (XT709204).  At 0947 hrs A 2/27 apprehended 2 detainees (XT716191).  At 1245 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 8 huts (XT722213).  At 1330 hrs C 2/27 came under fire (XT717214) sustaining 1 US KIA, returned fire resulting in 1 VC KIA (BC).  At 1340 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 1 metal sampan (XT715214).  At 1720 hrs 2/34 located 1 VC KIA (BC) floating in Saigon River (XT711209).  At 2145 hrs 2/34 destroyed 1 sampan (XT702211).  During 11 Jan, 2/27 conducted the first Civic Action operation in PHU HOA DONG.  A MEDCAP was conducted on the outskirts of forward base camp and 38 patients were treated.  This number is not impressive except that the people in this area had been indoctrinated by the VC that American medicine would harm them and similar propaganda.  One woman had an ill child, but would not let the doctor give it any medicine.  Several days later this woman returned and allowed the child to be given medicine since she had seen that the medicine did not harm others who had taken it.  On 11 Jan the MEDCAP also distributed candy and toys to the children.

 2nd Bn,  34th Armor

     Bn continued improvement of blocking psns and conducted S&D opns in sector.  At 1005 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 structure, 1 tunnel, and 1 - 155 dud (XT672234).  At 1045 hrs C 2 /34 destroyed 1 structure, 1 US hand grenade, misc radio parts.  At 1430 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 tunnel complex (XT680218).

2/7  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Bn conducted search opns and established blocking psns vic PHU HOA (XT7219).  Maintained security of AVLB (XT684145) and culvert site (XT715167) and conducted multiple ambushes.  At 1432 hrs apprehended 3 detainees (XT718188).

4/23  (M)

     Bde reserve.     

12-Jan 1967

1st Bn,  27th Infantry

     Bn conducted S&D opns vic fwd base camp.  At 0804 hrs A 1/27 commenced airmobile extraction from its base camp (XT731203) to bn fwd base RICHMOND, completing extraction at 0817 hrs.  C 1/27 moved dismounted to blocking psn (XT758173) at 0850 hrs.  At 1030 hrs A 1/27 departed its psn to sweep obj (XT749176).  While A 1/27 & C 1/27 conducted joint S&D, B 1/27 occupied blocking psns along Saigon River (XT751166).  At 0725 hrs B 1/27 sustained 2 WIA result of friendly artillery mission (XT733200).  At 1111 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 500 lbs rice (XT750165).  At 1140 hrs A 1/27 sustained 3 WIA from booby trap (XT74169).  At 1158 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 sampan (XT734203).  At 1225 hrs C 1/27 located 2,000 rds SA ammo, misc supplies and destroyed 1 structure and 5,000 lbs rice (XT751166).  At 1330 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker and located 1 set of web gear.  At 1420 B 1.27 destroyed 1 sampan.  At 1518 hrs A 1/27 sustained 3 WIA from booby trap (XT747177).  At 1712 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker (XT743198) and located 80 - 100 lbs rice (XT742201.  At 1722 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 protective mask, 1 booby trapped CBU.

2nd Bn,  27th Infantry

     C 2/27 and A 2/34 continued improvement of psns and conducted extensive S&C vic fwd CP.  A 1/27 conducted sweep along Saigon River (XT728214 - XT718215).  At 0746 hrs Recon plat destroyed 1 AT mine (XT708205). At 1100 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 2 structures, 2 US hand grenades (XT725211) and destroyed 2 booby trapped hand grenades (XT43162).  At 1340 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 2 sampans, 7,500 lbs rice and located 2 outboard motors and misc documents (XT723218).  At 1630 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 3 sampans (XT719213).  At 1758 hrs A 2/27 located misc clothing and documents (XT718211).  At 2010 hrs A 2/27 “AP” destroyed 1 sampan, 5 VCKIA (BC) vic (XT715214).  At 2100 hrs 2/27 “AP” destroyed 1 sampan, 3 BV KIA(BC) vic (XT716210).  At 1415 hrs A 2/34 destroyed 1 tunnel, 3 -60mm duds, 2 WP hand grenades, 1 US hand grenade, 1 booby trapped hand grenade and 1 AT mine (XT705209).  At 1650 hrs A 2/34 located a large tunnel complex and apprehended 1 detainee (XT719516).  At 2100 hrs A 2/34 destroyed 1 sampan, 3 VC KIA (POSS) vic (XT716210).  Engineer elements attached to 2/27 Inf (Bulldozers, Demolition Teams, Chain Saw Teams, and Mine Detector Teams) continued to provide invaluable support by clearing vegetation in the area.  An ever-widening circle of open area had been cleared around base camp and positions “A” and “B” on the Saigon River.  On Civil Affairs, 2/27 delivered 3 “C” boxes of women's and baby's clothing to DUC HANH “B” (XT5707).

 2nd Bn, 34th Armor

     Bn conducted S&D opns in sector.  At 1100 hrs Recon destroyed 7 tunnels, 1 hut (XT683222).  At 1230 hrs Recon destroyed 7 tunnels and located 26 rds of SA ammo, two 4 ½ volt batteries, 1 grenade launcher, misc add supplies and documents (XT684223).

 2/7 Reg't (ARVN)

Continued in BS of 2nd Bde, operated vic PHU HOA (XT7319).  At 1940 hrs apprehended 2 VCPW (XT721195).  At 1031 hrs apprehended 2 VCPW (XT724183) who lead them to another VCPW (XT729187).     

`    4/23  (M)

Bde reserve.  At 1900 hrs Scout plt was attached to 1/27 CP for CP security.

13 Jan 1967

 1st Bn,  27th  Infantry

     Co's A&C continued S&D opns (XT7517) returning to fwd base camp upon completion of day's opn.  B 1/27 continued to outpost Saigon River in Bn Sector.  Btry C 1/8 Arty displaced to 1/27 fwd base.  At 0415 hrs, B 1/27 AP destroyed 1 sampan, 1 VC KIA (BC)  (XT733202).  At 0912 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 2 bunkers (XT733201).  At 1226 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 sampan (XT733202) and C 1/27 destroyed 1 foot bridge (XT757167).  At 1410 hrs B 1/27 located misc documents (XT733202).  At 1510 hrs C 1/27 sustained 2 WIA from booby trap (XT59163).  At 1620 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 sampan, 1 VC KIA (BC) (XT733204).  At 1640 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 2 sampans (XT733204).  At 1730 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT752153).  At 2035 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 3 sampans, 3 VC KIA (POSS).

2nd Bn,  27th  Infantry

     Bn continued to outpost Saigon River and conduct S&C opns in sector.  At 0807 hrs A 2/27 apprehended 1 detainee (XT722219).  At 1030 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 7 sampans, 1 structure, 1 bunker, 4 VC KIA (POSS)  (XT710207).  At 1150 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 structure, 1 bunker (XT720208) and 1 structure (XT719217).  At 1225 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 hut and located misc documents (XT21211).  At 1350 hrs A 2/27 located misc documents (XT720208).  At 1529 hrs A 2/34 destroyed 1 sampan (XT711211).  As the day, 13 Jan. ended, 2/27 Inf was met up with C Co (-) and elements of HHC, and elements (one platoon) of A 2/34 Armor, at forward base camp coordinates XT707203.  A 2/34 Armor (-) with one platoon “O” Co manning strong points at position “A” and “B”, coordinates XT711210) and XT702211 respectively, A 2/27 Inf at blocking position coordinates XT718211 and Recon platoon ambush at XT716210.  Each unit provided listening posts to its front.

  2nd Bn,  34th  Armor             
(p10)

     Bn conducted S&D opns in sector and continued improvement of blocking psns along Saigon River.  At 0932 hrs B 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT698208) and at 0943 another tank hit mine in same area.  Negative casualties and minor damage to the tanks was reported.  At 0950 hrs B 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT696208), negative casualties, minor damage to vehicles.   Between 1040 - 1600 hrs, C 2/34 vic (XT644227) destroyed 1  500lb bomb, 3 tunnels, 4  81mm duds,  1  4.2 dud, 3  60mm duds, 1  105 dud, 3 AT mines, 75 lbs dynamite, 4 AP mines, 30 booby traps, 15 hand grenades, 6 rifle stocks, 2 rolls of chicken wire and misc unserviceable aircraft parts.  At 1135 hrs C 2/34 tank hit AT mine, (XT644227) negative casualties, minor damage to vehicle.  At 1826 hrs B 2/27 located 1 VC KIA (BC) at (XT675233).

2/7  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Bn conducted S&D opn East to vic 73 grid line.  At 1034 hrs sustained 1KIA from SA fire.

 4/23  (M)

     Bde reserve.  Scout plt released from attachment to 1/27 effective 130700 Feb 67.

14  Jan  1967

1st Bn,  27th  Infantry

     At 0821 hrs B 1/27 Inf was extracted by helicopter from its forward base vic XT750200 to 1/27 fwd base RICHMOND to conduct S&D operations vic XT738146.  Following the extraction of B 1/27 Inf, C 1/27 Inf was moved by helicopter to vic XT50200 to continue operations in that area. At 0945 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 13 bunkers and 200 lbs salt (XT740160).  At 1035 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 200 meters of trench (XT741161).  At 1110 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 25 meters of tunnel and foxholes (XT740165).  At 1115 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker (XT752150).  At 1140 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 AP mine, 7 booby trapped hand grenades, and 1 tunnel (XT740166).  Between 1300 - 1530 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 9 bunkers, 3 CBU's, 1 pistol belt, 4 rds SA ammo (XT737198).  At 1537 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped Chicom hand grenade (XT751163).  At 1620 hrs C 1/27 destroyed a bunker and tunnel complex and located 1 lamp, 1 uniform and 1 lb documents (XT754149).  At 1647 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker (XT754149).  At 1720 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker and 1 structure (XT754204) and destroyed 2 sampans (XT744207).  At 1833 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 20 foxholes and 10 structures (XT746206).  CHIEU HOI report claimed that 30 VC KIA (Poss)  was the result of 1/27 action of 8 Jan 1967.
     Civil Affairs:  1/27 delivered 1 “C” box canned goods to (XT747142) to be distributed to villagers.

2nd Bn,  27th Infantry

     On 14 Jan, 2/27 Inf began a program of closer cooperation with 2/7 ARVN from PHU HOA DONG.  One plat of tankers from A 2/34 Arm was attached to 2/7 ARVN on this day, and each day thereafter for their operations in the area.  It is believed that the presence of these tanks added much to the morale and effectiveness of the ARVN unit, as well as enhancing the feeling of cooperation between the ARVN and US Forces.  A 2/27 Inf departed their blocking position at coordinates XT718211 and began search to the southwest in order to return to forward base camp.  On their sweep, two male individuals were detained as suspects and brought in for questioning (XT722199).  Also one VC banner was found at coordinates XT714200.  A Co closed forward base camp at 141445 hrs with no difficulty.  A 2/34 Arm conducted a sweep of the area surrounding road from coordinates XT714193 to XT709195.  Area was searched for tunnels and holes, booby traps and mines.  Utilizing the tanks, all underbrush near the road was cleared.  2nd plat C Co departed position “A”, coordinates XT711210, at 141515 hrs enroute to an ambush position along the large stream running off of the Saigon River (XT716210 to ST717203).  As they approached a house, coordinates XT708207, they surprised  3 VC who ran away leaving 2 weapons behind, one US M-1 rifle and one US M-1 carbine, both loaded.  At 2230 hrs A 2/27 “AP” spring ambush (XT706204) results 1 VC KIA (BC).  
     PSYWAR  PROGRAM:  A loudspeaker system was set up in forward base camp and during the night loudspeaker broadcasts were made to the local population by an interpreter, under control of S-2 2/27 Inf, urging the people not to support VC efforts in their area.  Information concerning the CHIEU HOI program was also broadcast.
(p11)

2nd Bn,  34th Armor

     Bn continued to clear area adjacent to Saigon River and conduct S&D ops in sector.  At 0930 hrs B 2/34 destroyed 6 bunkers and 1 hut (XT741161).  At 1045 hrs B 2/34 destroyed 1 tunnel, 1 US hand grenade (XT678222).  At 1352 hrs B 2/34 destroyed 8 tunnels, 4 bunkers, 1 hut, 1 rifle grenade, 1 sampan (XT676222).  At 1355 hrs B 2/34 destroyed punji pit (XT676222).

 2nd Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Conducted buddy opn with elements of plat A 2/34 in PHU HOA (XT7119).  At 1500 hrs located 2 VC KIA (BC) in river (XT28187).  At 2115 hrs sustained 1KIA from claymore mine (XT732203).

4/23  (M)

     Remained Bde reserve, uncommitted till 21 Jan 67.

15 Jan 1967

1st Bn,  27th  Infantry

     B 1/27 was extracted from fwd psn (XT7420) and airlifted to Bn base camp RICHMOND and C 1/27 was airlifted to fwd psn (XT7420).  At 0926 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 13 foxholes (XT737149).  At 1045 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT735152).  At 1135 hrs C 1/27 located 600 rds SA ammo and 5 ammo magazines (XT754149).  At 1535 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 3 bunkers and 1 structure (XT752208).  At 1545 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 hut (XT748209).  At 1615 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 AP mine (XT747208).  At 1620 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT745143).  At 1625 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 AP mine (XT747208).  At 1620 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT745143).  At 1625 hrs C 1/27 destroyed  1 structure (XT747208).  At 1706 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 sampan (XT749203).

 2nd Bn,  27th Infantry

     A 2/27 with plat A 2/34 conducted road security opns and conducted S&C opn west of GL 71.  A 2/34 with plat 2/27 maintained blocking psns (XT702211 & XT711211).  C 2/27 manned AP psns (XT716205 & XT722202).  Recon and HHC secured base camp and conducted motor march from CU CHI to fwd base camp at 0845 hrs.
     CIVIC ACTION:  MEDCAP operations were again conducted at base camp where 163 patients were treated.  This, it should be noted, was a tremendous increase from the first days total of 38 patients, and indicates the continued progress in gaining the respect of the local civilians.  Also 1,000 PSYWAR leaflets depicting the close cooperation of 2/7 ARVN and 2/27 Inf.  Loudspeaker broadcasts continued from base camp during the night, urging local populous not to support VC activities and explaining the CHIEU HOI program.

2nd Bn,  34th Armor

     Continued S&D opns in sector and continued improvement of blocking psns along Saigon River.  Bn conducted extensive clearing opns to the rear of their blocking psns.  At 1345 hrs B 2.34 destroyed 1 tunnel (XT680203).

2nd Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Conducted buddy opn with plt A 2/34 Arm in PHU HOA.  Manned outpost on Saigon River (XT732202).  At 1330 hrs apprehended 2 detainees (XT749203).  At 1500 hrs captured 5 lbs documents and destroyed 1 Chicom hand grenade (XT732200).  At 1710 hrs 1 CHIEU HOI rallied to 2/7 (XT712182).

16  Jan  67

1st  Bn,  27th Infantry

     At 0701 hrs B 1/27 departed the fwd base camp to conduct S&D operations to the northeast.  At 0704 hrs, A 1/27 departed fwd base RICHMOND to conduct S&D operations general vic XT7417.  C 1/27 continued to outpost Saigon River.  At 0700 hrs C 1/27 “AP” engaged 4 VC, results:  1 VC KIA (POSS),  2 hand grenades.
(p13)

2nd Bn,  34th  Armor

     B 2/34 and B 2/27 conducted S&D opns in conjunction with 1/5 (M) on Bde left boundary.  C 2/34 continued S&D opns in sector.  Between 1000 - 1800 hrs B 2/34 ad B 2/27 located the following items in GS (XT6422):  2  booby traps, 19 bunkers, 13 tunnels, 22 punji pits, 1 CBU, 7 AP mines, 11 hand grenades, 5  2.75 rockets, 100 lbs rice, 1 structure, 30 foxholes, 2  105mm duds, 8  60mm duds, 4 rds SA ammo, 2 qts fish sauce, 1 cargo pack, 1 shovel, 1  M79 rd, 100 yds commo wire, 1 lb dried fish and 20 lbs documents.  At 1245 hrs C 2/34 tank hit an AT mine (XT635221) negative casualties or damage to tank.  At 1210 hrs B 2/27 sustained 2  WIA's from booby trap (XT634218).  At 1315 hrs C 2/34 tank hit AT mine sustaining 2  WIA's, tank undamaged (XT639218).  At 1415 hrs C 2/34 sustained 1 WIA from AP mine (CD) (XT639226).

2nd  Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)
     Continued S&D opn in western PHU HOA in conjunction with plat A 2/34.  Continued out-posting assigned sector on Saigon River.  At 1117 hrs destroyed 1 tunnel (XT704178),  1 tunnel,  1 homemade nine (XT710188).  At 1315 hrs destroyed 3 bunkers (XT701154).  At 1420 hrs destroyed 2 booby trapped hand grenades, 1 57mm dud,  (XT699178).  At 1445 hrs destroyed 1 tunnel (XT699177).  At 1540 hrs destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade, misc clothing and documents (XT699175).

18  Jan  1967

1st Bn,l  27th Infantry

     Bn continued S&D opns in sector while out-posting assigned sectors on Saigon River.  At 1210- hrs A 1/27 located 1 US claymore mine, 600 rds SA ammo, 3 rockets (XT733182).  At 1225 hrs A 1/27 located 6000 lbs rice (XT733182).  At 1230 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT753164).  At 1250 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 structure, 3 foxholes (XT745206).  At 1335 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 2 hand grenades (XT76164).  At 1350 hrs A 1/27 located misc parts for carbine (XT733182).  At 1405 hrs B 1/27 apprehended 2 VCPWs and misc documents (XT719217).  At 1439 hrs B 1/27 sustained 1 WIA from AW fire (XT762162).  At 1530 hrs B 1/27 sustained 1 WIA from booby trap (XT761163).  At 1540 hrs C 1/27 located 5 bunkers, 1,700 lbs rice (XT744206).  At 1550 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 sampan, 80 rds SA ammo (XT764163).  At 1700 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 10 bunkers, 4 huts, and located 5,013 NVN piastres (XT746208).  At 1723 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT766166), 1 sampan, 10 structures, 4 bunkers (XT765165).  At 1756 hrs B 1/27 sustained 2 WIA from booby trap (XT775164).  

2nd Bn, 27th Infantry

     2/27 continued S&D and clearing opns vic fwd base camp and out-posting assigned sectors of Saigon River.  A 2/27 departed fwd base at 0807 hrs to conduct S&D mission vic (XT7022).  At 0050 hrs A 2/27 “AP” sustained 1 KIA from hand grenade (XT702207).  Between 0915 - 1015 hrs A 2/27 located vic (XT7020) 4 US protective masks, 80 lbs TNT, misc clothing and equipment, 1 Chicom 7.92 SMG, 230 rds SA ammo, 1 tunnel, 2 booby tapped hand grenades, misc aid supplies and 2 bicycles.  At 1045 hrs A 2/27 located 25 lbs rice and sustained 3 WIA from booby trap (XT702207).  At 1140 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT702205).  At 1145 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT702205). At 1231 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 2 AT mines (XT700207).  At 1400 hrs A 2/27 located a barrel and receiver from US 20mm AA wpn (XT700207).  At 1409 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 5 bunkers (XT743204).  At 1615 hrs A 2/27 located 2 BAR's, 12 ammo magazines, 2 hand grenades, 1 rifle grenade (XT700183).  At 1632 hrs A 2/27 located 1  7.92 SMG, 1 US Enfield rifle (XT725204) and apprehended 7 detainees (XT725204).  At 2235 hrs C 2/27 AP sprang ambush resulting in 7 VC KIA (BC), 1 US 45 cal pistol and misc clothing captured.

(p14)

 2nd Bn,  34th Armor

Bn continued S&D opns in zone and continued joint S&D opn with 1/5 (M) on Bde left boundry.   At 1047 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 6 tunnels, 3 AP mines (XT639223) and located 200 lbs rice, 5 gal oil, destroyed 2 AT mines (XT646228).  At 1145 hrs B 2/27 sustained 9 KIA, 10 WIA from SA fire, booby traps,  mines (XT64228).  At 1342 hrs C 2/34 reported 3 VC KIA (BC) at (XT639228).  At 1410 hrs C 2/34 sustained 2 WIA from AT mine (XT644228).  At 1447 hrs C 2/34 tank hit mine (XT646227) negative casualties or damage.  At 1515 hrs C 2/34 tank hit mine (XT641219) negative casualties or damage.

 2nd Bn,  7th Reg't ARVN

     Conducted S&D east of PHY HOA and established blocking psns on west bank of Rach Tong Stream (XT722202).  At 1245 hrs sustained 1 WIA from SA fire (XT703179).  1 CHIEU HOI rallied to 2/7 at 1720 hrs.  At 1755 hrs destroyed 1 AT mine and apprehended 1 detainee (XT707182).

19-Jan  1967

1st Bn,  27 Infantry

     2 combat / ambush patrols were established vic Fwd base RICHMOND.  At 0004 hours B 1/27 patrol detonated a booby trap vic (XT747162) resulting in 1 US WIA.  At 0337 hours, an ambush from C 1/27 Inf engaged an estimated VC squad in a sampan vic (XT747211) resulting in 1 VC KIA (BC) and 1 VC KIA (POSS).  At 0733 hrs, B 1/27 Inf departed 1/27 Inf forward base by convoy and proceeded north to the Saigon River where RAG boats were boarded and new operations along the river banks began.  A 1/27 and C 1/27 conducted S&D operations in sector.  At 0930 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 2 sampans and 10 bunkers (XT740192).  At 1045 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 36 CBU's (XT727217).  At 1110 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 hut, located 30 rounds SA ammo, misc documents (XT727217).  At 1230 hrs B 1/27 engaged 2 VC in a sampan resulting in 2 VC KIA (BC), 1 sampan destroyed (XT732206).  At 1310 hrs B 1/27 apprehended 1 VCPW and 1 detainee (XT732206).  At 1409 hrs B 1/27 apprehended 1 VCPW (WIA) and captured misc aid supplies, 17.62  --- 5 ammo magazines (XT748198).  At 1421 hrs A 1/27 located 14 HP gas engine (XT746194).  At 1430 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker (XT732206).  At 1526 hrs B 1/27 located 1 VC KIA (BC) and destroyed 1 sampan (XT32204).  At 1550 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 6 bunkers (XT748198).

2nd Bn,  27th Infantry

     Bn continued S&D opns in sector and out-posting along Saigon River.  A/2-27 Inf moved out of base camp at first light and secured the road from PHU HOA DONG to forward base camp for the resupply convoy.  Convoy arrived at 190830 hrs and returned to CU CHI with no incidents.  A /2-34 Armor conducted a sweep of the area west of base camp to coordinates XT699205 and return.  At coordinates XT699205 a vast tunnel system was discovered at 1505 hrs.  Inside this tunnel system two large rooms, each approximately 30 ft long, 10 feet wide and 10 ft high, were searched.  A considerable amount of food and cooking utensils were found.  After a thorough search the tunnel system was destroyed by demolition.  1st platoon Co returned from its ambushing activities and 3rd platoon departed FFL at 191320 hours, utilizing the Engineer assault boats provided by 65th Engineers.  These boats were requested by 2-27 Inf due to the problem faced in crossing the many tributaries running off the Saigon River.  With these assault boats, a platoon could be quickly into position at any point along the river.  At 1955 hrs A 2/27 “AP” sprang ambush.  1 VC KIA (poss) (XT702203).
 Civic Action:  MEDCAP operations were conducted at 2/27 Inf forward base camp on 19 January, where 130 patients were treated and 80 calendars were passed out as gifts.  4000 leaflets explaining the Chieu Hoi program were dropped in the area.

(p15)

2nd Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Continued S&D opers vic PHU HOA and manned blocking psn on west bank of Rach Tong Stream (XT732201).  At 1345 hrs located 2 ½ gals oil, 2 ½ gals gas, misc documents, 37 rds SA ammo, 5 protective masks, 2 ammo magazines.  At 1430 hrs destroyed 5 booby trapped hand grenades (XT694172).  At 1605 hrs destroyed 1 AT mine and 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT697172).  At 1605 hrs, destroyed 1 AT mine and 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT697172).  At 1632 hrs, stay behind ambush engaged estimated VC squad (XT703180)l resulting in 2 VC KIA (BC) and 2 AK 47 rifles captured.

20  Jan  1967

1st Bn,  27th Infantry

     At 0745 hrs, B 1/27 Inf departed RICHMOND by convoy to link up with the RAG boats and continue operations on the Saigon River.  At 0808 hrs, A 1/27 Inf departed base camp to conduct S&D operations to the northeast.  At 0957 hrs, C 1/27 Inf departed its forward location moving south to conduct S&D operations enroute to fwd base RICHMOND.  At 1543 hrs B 1/27 linked up with A 1/27 and both units moved down Saigon River by RAG boats to Fwd base camp RICHMOND.  At 0925 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 AP mine (XT746164).l  At 1105 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 2 booby trapped hand grenades (XT752165).  At 1130 hrs B 1/27 located 2 hammocks and 1 machete (XT731207).  At 1300 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 5 structures and 1 bunker (XT742176).  At 1244 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker and 1 foot bridge (XT736202).   At 1300 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 5 AP mines (XT752165).  At 1321 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 AP mine (XT752165).  At 1400 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped bag of rice, captured 2,600 lbs rice (XT761156).  At 1425 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 AP mine and 1 bunker (XT761165).  At 1515 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker (XT747213).  At 1520 hrs C 1/27 destroyed 1 CBU, 4 Chicom hand grenades, 1 AT mine (XT742163).  At 1532 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT761165).  At 1600 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT764164).  At 1715 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 3 booby trapped hand grenades and located 1 rifle (XT764164).

2nd Bn,  27th  Infantry

     One plat of A 2/34 Arm was again attached to 2/7 ARVN for their operations.  One plat of A 2/34 manned positions “A” and “B” along the Saigon River during the day.  3rd plat A 2/34 conducted a search and destroy operation.  3rd plat A 2/27 conducted S&D operations from its ambush location of the night before, coordinates (XT702203) to forward base camp.  2nd plat A 2/27 returned to base camp from its ambush.  1st plat, A 2/27 conducted preparation for ambush on 20 - 21 Jan 67.  2nd plat C Co provided security for the Engr clearing effort which continued clearing vegetation from an ever-growing circle around the forward base camp.  3rd plat returned from its ambush operations from the previous night and secured position “A” and “B” along with  one lot of tanks from A 2/34 Arm.  1st plat prepared for ambush operations on the night of 20 - 21 Jan, moved out and established its ambush at coordinates XT72317.  At 0115 hrs C 2/27 ambushed sampan (XT718213) resulting in 5 VC KIA (BC), 1 VCPW (WIA) and 1  45 cal pistol captured.  At 0343 hrs A 2/27 AP detonate claymore against 2 VC moving towaards their location (XT762203) resulting in 2 VC KIA (BC), 1 AK 47 SMG (XT717205).  At 0840 hrs A 2/27 located 4 ammo magazines, 196 rds SA ammo, 1 hand grenade, 1 flashlight, misc documents (XT703204).  At 1321 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 sampan (XT717205) located 1 outboard motor (XT709210)  At 1430 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 bunker (XT713210).  At 1655 hrs A 2/27 AP, while moving to its AP site  (XT709210) engaged 3 VC resulting in 1 VC KIA (BC), 2 detainees captured.  At 1430 hrs A 2/34 destroyed 1  250 lb bomb (XT704204).
     Civil Affairs:  On 20 Jan a MEDCAP operation was also conducted in PHU HOA DONG where 244 patients were treated, a most successful day.  Each patient was presented a calendar as a gift and were given two types of PSYWAR leaflets.
(p16)

2nd  Bn,  34th Armor

     C 2/34 and B 2/27 continued joint S&D opn with 1/5(M) on Bde left boundary and continued clearing opns in sector.  At 1130 hrs C 2/34 located 4 VC KIA (BC) at (XT698229).  At 1155 hrs B 2/34 sustained 1 WIA from booby trapped coconut (XT651228).  At 1235 hrs B 2/34 destroyed 1 tunnel complex (XT651228).     

2nd Bn,  7th Reg't ARVN

     Bn continued S&D opns in PHU HOA and continued to occupy assigned sector on Saigon River (XT7121).  Between 0730 - 1500 hrs vic XT7020 apprehended 1 VCPW and 6 detainees and 9 CHIEU HOI's.
21 Jan 1967

1st Bn,  27th Infantry

     At 0720 hrs B 1/27 departed RICHMOND to conduct S&D opns (XT765155).  A 1/27 conducted S&D opns vic (XT7515).  At 0832 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade (XT762148).  At 0837 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker (XT743149).  At 0925 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 bunker (XT753162).  At 0930 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 6 bunkers (XT761151).  At 1100 hrs B 1/27 destroyed 2 booby trapped hand grenades, 1 poncho (XT755152) and 4 punji pits (XT755151).  At 1305 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 2 sampans (XT755152) and 4 punji pits (XT755151).  At 1305 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 2 sampans (XT760158).  At 1337 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 1 booby trapped hand grenade.  AT 1400 hrs all 1/27 Inf and C 1/8 Arty conducted a motor movement from fwd base RICHMOND to base camp at CU CHI.  By 1825 hrs all units had closed CU CHI.  The closing at base camp CU CHI marked the termination of opn CEDAR FALLS for the 1st Bn 27th Inf.

2nd  Bn,  27th  Infantry

     Bn continued clearing opns vic PHU HOA DONG.  Plat C 2/27 attached to 2/34 for days opn.  At 1540 hrs A 2/27 located 1 VC KIA (BC) in Saigon River (XT718215) who had 241,000 piastres.  Recon plat departed psn “A” at 211830 hrs, via assault boats, and arrived at coordinates XT721220 at 211905 hrs.  At 211945 hrs this patrol killed one VC who set off a trip flare in front of its position at 212025 hrs.  2 VC in a sampan were engaged in the Saigon 25 meters from ambush psn, resulting in 2 VC KIA (BC) and 1 sampan sunk (XT721220).  Plat A 2/27 continued to secure Engr elements while they cleared vegetation from area surrounding base camp and PHU HOA.  6 bulldozers and 2 tank dozers were used.

2nd Bn,  34th Armor

     Conducted sweep opns into obj area vic (XT703179) commencing at 0730 hrs.  Recon and C 2/34 and plat C 2/27 (attached) conducted the opn.  At 0920 hrs plat C 2.27 sustained 1 KIA from booby trap (XT698184).  At 0940 hrs C 2/34 tank hit mine (XT698182) negative casualties or damage.  At 1155 hrs Recon destroyed 13 tunnels (XT697174).  At 1214 hrs Recon located 4 VC KIA (BC) in graves (XT696176).  At 1220 hrs Recon destroyed 13 foxholes (XT694175).  At 1300 hrs Recon destroyed 2 huts, captured misc aid supplies (XT695174).

2nd Bn,  7th Reg't (ARVN)

     Bn established blocking psns for 2/34 sweep opn (XT703179).  No contact was made with VC.

 4/23 (N)

     A 4/23 established blocking psn (XT703179) for 2/34 sweep opn.  At 1015 hrs A 4/23 APC hit mine (XT695173) negative casualties, or damage.  At 1640 hrs A 4/23 track hit AT mine sustaining 4 WIA and extensive damage to APC (XT694186).
(p17)

22 Jan  1967

   2nd Bn,  27th  Infantry

     Bn conducted Tank/Inf S&D opns in PHU HOA (XT711214) and continued damming of strong points “A” and “B” on Saigon River.  At 0400 hrs Recon engaged 2 VC resulting 2 VC KIA(POSS)  (XT721200).  At 1037 hrs Recon destroyed 2 sampans (XT718217).  At 1133 hrs Recon located 1 US pistol belt, 1 canteen cover, 1 US hand grenade, 1 hammock (XT715207)   Between 1250 - 1630 hrs, C 2/27 apprehended 3 VCPW's (XT704210), PW's led them to (XT704216) where a cache containing 2 commercial radios, 1 US pistol belt, 1 canteen, 2 Chicom hand grenades, 1 US hand grenade, 10 AT mines, 1300 rds SA ammo, 4 homemade bangalore torpedoes, 2  155 rds, 4 Chicom carbines, 1 Russian Mossin-Nagaut rifle, 1 German Mauser were located.  At 1735 hrs C 2/27 located 1 VC KIA(BC) in river (XT715210).  At 1750 hrs C 2/27 located 1 VC KIA (BC) in river (XT702210).  At 1820 hrs 1 CHIEU HOI rallied to C 2/27 at (XT711210).  At 0840 hrs A 2/34 destroyed 1 AT mine (XT707196).     
     Civic Action:  MEDCAP operations were conducted at forward base camp where70- patients were treated and 30 bars of soap given away.  PSYWAR program loudspeaker broadcasts explained the  CHIEU HOI program

2nd Bn,  34th  Armor

     Conducted local S&D opns commencing at 0800 hrs vic (XT6623) and (XT6821).  A systematic search of area was conducted with negative VC activity noted.

2nd  Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Bn conducted local S&D opns in PHU HOA (XT7118) and conducted night ambushes.  Negative contact reported.
23 Jan 67

2nd  Bn,  27th  Infantry

     Recon plat with elements of A 2/34 departed base camp at 0818 hrs to conduct a sweep along road to PHU HOA DONG to secure resupply convoy.  Convoy arrived fwd position at 1024 hrs and returned to CU CHI with no incidents.  A 2/34 (-) continued to strengthen its defenses and clear away vegetation surrounding position “C”, coordinates XT699190.  2nd plat A 2/27 departed its ambush site and proceeded to move towards fwd base camp.  While crossing stream at coordinates XT717208, two men apparently got stuck in the mud, went over their heads in the water and drowned.  Bodies and all equipment were found during an intensive search the following day.  Elements of C Co continued to search the area between their positions “A” and “B” and fwd base camp.  2nd  plat, A Co set up ambush near where two men drowned, coordinates XT717208 during the night of 23 - 24 Jan.  Two squad sized ambushes were established by elements of C Co near its positions “A” and “B”.  One five man listening post was provided by Recon plat at coordinates near forward base camp.  At 0750 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 2 sampans, 1 VC KIA (BC) (XT7212140.  At 0830 hrs A 2/27 located 1 VC KIA (BC) in river, (XT721214).  At 1435 hrs C 2/27 located 235 rds SA ammo, 1 center piece for Chicom claymore, 4 charges TNT, 6 lbs documents (XT707204).  At 1435 hrs A 2/34 destroyed 5 AT mines (XT702192).
     Civic Action:  One piece of playground equipment (teeter-totter) was constructed by 2/27 and was delivered to the children at school in PHU HOA DONG.  MEDCAP was also conducted at PHU HOA DONG where 200 patients were treated, 20 innoculations given and 25 bars of soap passed out.  200 PSYWAR leaflets were also handed out.

   2nd Bn,  34th  Armor       
(p18)

     Conducted local Tank/Inf S&D opns vic (XT6422).  At 0944 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 bunker (XT646228).  At 1200 hrs Recon located 1 VC KIA (BC) in river (XT682223).  At 0944 hrs B 2/27 destroyed 1 bunker, 50 lbs rice, 12 foxholes (XT649229).  At 1237 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 AT mine (XT645227).  At 1355 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 tunnel (XT645225) destroyed 1 bunker, located 1 wpn, 3 magazines (XT644226) tank hit mine (XT643229) negative casualties or damage.  At 1420 hrs C 2/34 tank hit AT mine sustaining 1 WIA, destroyed 3 AT mines, 1 hut (XT642228).  At 1610 hrs C 2/34 tank hit AT mine (XT642227) negative casualties or damage.

2nd Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Bn conducted local Tank/Inf S&D opns in Northern PHU HOA.  At 0700 hrs, 1 CHIEU HOI rallied to 2/7 with 1 US carbine (XT718181).  At 1015 hrs 2/7 destroyed 2 tunnels (XT718194).  At 1300 hrs destroyed 14 foxholes (XT713209).  At 1400 hrs destroyed 3 tunnels (XT7120).  At 2000 hrs located 1 hammock (XT712188).

4/23  (M)

     Conducted airmobile/mechanized S&D opn with A 1/27 (attached) south of DUC LAP (XT5601).  At 1324 A 1/27 destroyed 22 “L” shaped fighting psns and apprehended 19 detainees (XT569005).  At 1700 hrs A 4/23 engaged 3 VC resulting in 1 VC KIA (POS)  (XT580023).

24 Jan 1967

2nd  Bn,  27th  Infantry

     A 2/34 Arm continued to secure position “C” coordinates XT699190 by further clearing vegetation and conducting search and destroy operations around this perimeter.  One plat was attached to 2/7 ARVN for operations 24 Jan 67.  C Co secured positions "A“ and "B” coordinates XT711210 and XT702211 along the Saigon River, and continued cutting vegetation from near those positions.  1st plat A 2/27 departed position “A” via Assault Boat, and proceeded to (XT701204).  2nd plat A 2/27 departed position “A” via Assault boats and set up an ambush at coordinates XT721218.  Squad sized elements from C Co were established in ambush positions at coordinates XT699208 and XT712208.  At 0003 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 1 sampan (XT685223).  At 0847 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 tunnel (XT712205).  At 1230 hrs A 2/27 located 1 hammock, 200 meters detonating wire, 1 hand grenade, 22 batteries, 10 lbs documents (XT712215).  At 2215 hrs C 2/27 located 1 VC KIA (BC) (XT715208).
     Civic Action:   PSYWAR program continued in the form of loudspeaker broadcasts at position “A” on the Saigon River and at forward base camp.  Broadcasts urge the people not to support the Viet Cong, the advantages of rallying to the CHIEU HOI program.

2nd Bn,  34th  Armor

     Conducted Tank/Inf S&D opns vic (XT6422).  At 0800 hrs HHC 2/34 destroyed 1 sampan (XT685223).  At 0845 hrs C 2/34 tank detonated 2 AT mines sustaining 1 WIA, extensive damage to tank (XT661233).  At 0950 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 tunnel (XT646226).  At 1134 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1  2.75 Chicom rocket (XT640227).  At 1140 hrs B 2/27 destroyed 1 AP mine and 2 tunnels (XT639227) C 2/34 destroyed 1  105 rd in same area.  At 1155 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 bunker and 6 tunnels (XT638225).  At 1205 hrs B 2/27 destroyed 1 hut (XT635225).  At 1320 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 bunker (XT637224).  At 1330 hrs Recon destroyed 1 bunker (XT638215).  At 1335 hrs B 2/27 destroyed 1  105 rd (XT639215).  At 1420 hrs B 2/27 destroyed 1000 rds ammo (XT636213).  At 1445 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1 bunker (XT638212).  AT 1500 hrs C 2/34 located 1 VC KIA (BC)  (XT638212).  At 1615 hrs C 2/34 tank hit AT mine sustaining  3 WIA, minor damage to tank (XT652218).

2nd  Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Bn conducted Tank/Inf opns vic PHU HOA.  At 1030 hrs engaged unknown number VC sustaining 3 WIA (XT704182).  At 1335 hrs sustained 1 WIA from booby trap (XT702181).

(p19)

25 Jan 1967

2nd  Bn,  27th  Infantry

     Conducted S&D opns vic PHU HOA.  Recon plat with elements of A 2/34 secured road from PHU HOA DONG to forward base camp.  Convoy was again conducted with no incidents.  One plat of A 2/.84 was attached to 2/7 ARVN for operations.  2nd plat C Co secured the Engr clearing effort.  Bulldozers worked in the area and vicinity coordinates XT702187.  1st and 3rd plat C Co prepared for ambush activities for the night of 25 - 26 Jan 67.  On 25 Jan further support was received by 2/27 in the form of three assault boats from the ARVN River Assault Team at PHU CUONG.  These boats were badly needed for the purpose of thoroughly searching all the tributaries running off the Saigon River.  At 0115 hrs A 1/27 destroyed 2 sampans (XT719210).  At 0920 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 tunnel, captured 50 lbs rice, 5 gals of gas, 10 lbs documents, misc aid supplies and clothing (XT703208).  At 1525 hrs A 2/27 destroyed 1 tunnel, 1  60mm rd,  1  4.2 ----, 1 shape charge, 2 Chicom hand grenades (XT705209).

2nd  Bn,  34th  Armor

     Conducted S&D opns (XT6521) commencing at 0800 hrs.  Negative VC activity was reported.

2nd  Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Conducted local Tank / Inf opn vic PHU HOA.  Negative VC activity was reported.

26  Jan  1967

2nd Bn,  27th  Infantry

     Continued S&D and clearing opns vic PHU HOA.  Plat C 2/27 conducted RAG boat opns on Saigon River and tributaries.  B 2/27 detached from 2/34 effective 261300 Jan 67 and was airlifted into psn (XT699190) at 1647 hrs.  At 0610 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 2 sampans, 4 VC KIA (BC) and 1 Chicom carbine, 21 rds SA ammo, 1 pistol belt captured (XT721215).  At 1055 hrs C 2/27 destroyed 8 - 100 lb bags of rice (XT702210).  At 1650 hrs A 2/27 located 1 tape recorder, 15 sound tapes and 4 lbs documents (XT712205).  At 1125 hrs A 2/34 apprehended 1 detainee (XT712177).  At 1235 hrs tank A 2/34 hit AT mine with negative casualties, tank was a total loss (XT703184).  At 1235 hrs A 2/34 destroyed 1 AT mine (XT703184).
     Civic Action:  MEDCAP operation was conducted at forward base camp where 150 patients were treated, and 200 bars of soap distributed.  150 Vietnamese newspapers were also given out.  1000 CHIEU HOI leaflets were air-dropped around PHU HOA DONG in the continuing PSYWAR program.

2nd  Bn,  34th  Armor

     Conducted S&D opns (XT6521)   At 19007 hrs C 2/34 destroyed 1  500 lb bomb (XT650220).

 2nd Bn,  7th  Reg't  (ARVN)

     Conducted local Tank /Inf opn vic PHU HOA.   At -------hrs destroyed 14 mines (XT701---) and apprehended 2 detainees.
(p20)


ARP/Civil Affairs:     RECAPITULATION:

            a.   General.   During the period 8 - 26 January 1967, the Brigade S-5 Section participated in Operation CEDAR FALLS in the province of HAU NGHIA.  This operation was successful from a civil affairs standpoint.

b.   Accomplishments.

(1)   Approximately 2,728 Vietnamese Nationals were treated by battalion surgeons through MEDCAP.

            (2)     The following helping hand items were distributed during this period.

(a)   Clothing:  Approximately 5,200 lbs.
(b)   Foodstuffs:  Approximately 6,000 lbs.
(c)   Writing Tablets:   250 each.
(d)   Crayons;   300 sticks.
(e)   Sewing Equiipment :  6 boxes
(f)    Hog Food:  5.177 lbs.

(3)   A total of fifteen (15) leaflet air drop missions were flown  S-5 personnel, air dropping a total of approximately 376,000 leaflets.  In addition, 7,600 leaflets were handed out in AO.  There also were three (3) loudspeaker missions during this period.

(4)  A total of fourteen(14) Vietnamese detainees were returned to area from which evacuated.  Each detainee was given a :”solatium”: box.

(5)   A total of 4,600 $VN was donated to the dispensary in TAM PHU DONG, XT6810.  Money was for purchase of curtains (600 $VN), paint (1,000$VN), and furniture (3,000 $VN).

12.     Results:

     a.     Enemy Losses:

                                    VC KIA  (BC)              116                           GRENADES                  55
                                    VC KIA (POSS)           80                            BOOBY TRAPS          126
                                    VCPW                          26                            105mm RDS                  27
                                    SA Weapons               31                             SA AMMO                6370
                                   RICE                            19.8 tons                  SALT                            400 lbs
                                   DOCUMENTS            65 lbs                       SAMPANS                     76
                                   PIASTERS (SVN)     241,500

     b.     Friendly Losses:                             
(p21)

(1)   US
KIA             24
DOW            2
WIA          190
               EQUIPMENT                          
                                                        1     Tank Destroyed
                                                        1     Dozer Damaged
                                                       11    Tanks Damaged
                                                         2    APC  Damaged

(2)   ARVN
KIA           2
WIA          5

13,     ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS:

     a.   SUPPLY:   All classes of supply were available in sufficient quantities to meet operational demands.  Supplies were provided by the 25th Div Support Command from the CU CHI base camp facilities.

     b.   MAINTENANCE:   Co. C 725th maintenance Bn provided direct support during the operations.  Heavier than usual maintenance was required on the bulldozers of Co B 65th Engr. Bn, because of destruction of blades and track due to mine damage.  This presented no real problems and most repair and maintenance was accomplished on site.  Good use was made of air resupply for needed parts.  No significant maintenance problems were encountered.

     c.   SERVICES:   Due to the close proximity to base camp, laundry services were handled by the individual units.

     d.   TRANSPORTATION:   Most resupply was by air although the 1st and 2nd battalions 27th Infantry ran road convoys after road clearing operations into their base camp.  A total of 1,033HU-10 sorties and 10  CH-47 sorties were flown in resupplying forward elements of the Brigade during the period 8 thru 26 Jan 67.  SUPCON allocated aircraft resources on the basis of sorties per day required rather than a straight number of aircraft per unit per day.  This technique proved successful.

14.     Special Equipment and Techniques:

a.   RAG Boats

(1)   RAG boats were utilized during operation Cedar Falls and contributed significantly to the overall success of the operation.  Several methods of employment were:

(a)   Emplacement of platoons at ambush sites.
(b)   Sweep operations on waterways.
(c)   Water-born search and destroy operations.
(d)   Movement of units for relocation purposes for operations or reaction force on VC activity across waterways.
(e)   Blocking force.

(2)   The use of the RAG boats enabled the Bde to more effectively block its assigned sector by denying the VC the Saigon River as a means of escape and also enabled the Bde to transport forces along the Saigon River.

(3)   Security for the RAG boats is an essential element of its employment.  An air observer should be used to detect enemy activity in the vicinity of both river banks.  The air observer can then direct gunships or indirect fire against the enemy.  The docking area for the RAG boats must also be secured to stock resupply.

(4)The use of RAG boats also assisted units in the recovery of VC material along the river.  Some of the totals of enemy losses incurred as a direct result of the RAG boats are:

(a)  2 VC KIA recovered including one body which had 241,000 piasters on it.
(b)  Numerous sampans destroyed
(c)  4 lbs documents recovered.
(d)  30 blasting caps recovered.
(e)  3 lbs medical supplies recovered.
(f)  4 rolls of electric wire recovered.
(g)  3 lbs clothing recovered.
(h)  Misc web equipment recovered.
(p22)

     b.   Mine Detectors:

(1)   During “Cedar Falls” nine detectors were used in conjunction to tunnel search and clear opns.

(2)   The mine detector assisted in pinpointing the location of a “Tunnel Rat” as he proceeded through the tunnel on his search.  This detection however was only effective up to a depth of  8 feet.  A detector which would be effective to a depth of 15 feet is highly desirable.

(3)   The pinpointing of the “Tunnel Rat” location is necessary to monitor his progress, assist him should he run into difficulty and assist in the plotting of the tunnel complex itself.

15.   Commander's Analysis:

     a.   Road openings:   Opening of ground route of communication in and around Phu Hoa Dong greatly assisted the operation as well as providing a visible indication of GVN control returning to the area.  Initially the road from the center of Phu Hoa Dong was opened to the 2/27 battalion base.  By the use of this road, the first wheeled vehicle convoy was moved into the Filhol Plantation.  Subsequently the road system was extended to the outpost on the Saigon River, and the road from Cu Chi to Phu Hoa Dong was opened to wheeled vehicle traffic.

     b.   Clearing Operations:   Use of bulldozers to clear vegetation has reduced the concealment that provided the VC with hidden routes into the village.  This clearing provides landing zones fields of fire, and maneuvering area for friendly forces deployed to this area in the future.  Finally the clearing has created a buffer zone between the village and known VC controlled areas on the North and West of Phu Hoa Dong.

     c.   Airmobile Assaults:   It is essential that Artillery and Tactical air completely obliterate the target area prior to an airmobile assault.  In addition, the LZ and support fire time difference should be reduced to an absolute minimum period.  The LZ should be as close to the hedgerow or tree line as possible, in or do reduce the exposure time from the time the troops dismount until they hit the objective or the cover of the woods.  The firepower from the attacking troops would keep the enemy pinned down and would reduce the firepower directed at the helicopters.

     d.   Surprise:  The rapid simultaneous movement of large US forces into the operations area caused the VC to move and consequently run into another US force.

     e.   Economy of Force:  Once the battalions were established in the area of operations, minimum force was used to secure fixed bases.  Maximum use was made of outposts (on the Saigon River) and ambushes to intercept VC movement in the zone.

     f.   Continued Pressure on VC:   The wide spread US pressure over an extensive area forced the VC to move from his normal sanctuaries.  It appears that small groups of individuals were moving in and through Phu Hoa Dong area in an attempt to regroup.  These small groups were easily engaged and destroyed by outposts and ambushes.

     g.   Plan operations so that joint opns between US and ARVN forces are increased throughout the opn, so the final point that ARVN units have assumed responsibility for the critical portions of the area of operations.

     h.   Command and control of a mounted unit in the jungle remains a constant problem.  The ground commander has little or no visual contact with the majority of his forces.  It therefore becomes necessary to utilize an aircraft to maintain orientation on the ground.,  If at all possible, an aircraft should be made available when mounted units are operating in the jungle.

     i.   When engaged in jungle clearing operations, it is often necessary to remove trees and stumps which are too large for a tank to handle.  If such obstacles are encountered, they should be removed by a bulldozer in order to save transmission damage to the tank due to the overload.  Consideration should be given to attaching bulldozers to armor units when committed to jungle clearing operations.

     j.   FCL's should be made flexible enough to allow specific type weapons systems to be employed.  As the tank gun is a highly accurate direct fire weapon, it can be employed close to friendly elements than can a weapon with a dispersion factor.
(p23)

16.   RECOMMENDATIONS:

     Recommend the techniques and analysis of operations mentioned in this report be made available to and considered by other units conducting similar type operations.


FOR THE COMMANDER:                         FRANKLIN D. LUKSIK
                                                                      Major,  Infantry
                                                                     Adjutant